The Effects of a Low-Glycemic Index Diabetes Management Program on Weight, Body Mass Index, Triglycerides, Cholesterol and Hemoglobin A1C Values
Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate effects of a low-glycemic index diet on weight, body mass index (BMI), triglycerides, cholesterol levels, and hemoglobin A1c
(HbA1c) following participation in a 12-hour outpatient diabetes self- management education (DSME) program. This DSME program is unique as it
focuses on a low-glycemic index diet rather than the traditional carbohydrate consistent diet to control blood glucose levels. Health outcomes obtained post participation were compared to baseline data. Participants were 283 individuals with type 2 diabetes including 94 (33%) men and 189 (67%) women, with a mean baseline HbA1c of 8.7 ±2.2%. Statistically significant improvements were seen in mean BMI (-0.7±2.0 kg/m2 , p<0.05), HbA1c (-1.1±1.9%, p<0.05), and total cholesterol (-12.3±37.3 mg/dL, p<0.05). No statistically significant differences in changes between men and women were found for the outcomes measured. Although males showed improvements in HDL cholesterol (+1.7±8.1 mg/dL, p =0.052), results were not statistically significant, unlike the significant improvements for the female group (+1.6±10.1 mg/dL, p<0.05). Traditionally, a carbohydrate consistent diet has been supported as the primary diet for diabetes management. This research shows a low-glycemic index diet can also be beneficial. Future research should include long-term randomized control trials to compare the two approaches to diabetes management. The effects of the low-glycemic index diet on medication use and quality of life also should be explored.
Williston, Morgan, "" (2019). Thesis. 15.
Community Health and Preventive Medicine Commons, Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition Commons, Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases Commons