Date of Award

Winter 2-23-2019

Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Biological Sciences

First Advisor

Heidi Adams


Bottomland hardwood forests (BHF) cover about 2.8 million hectares of the original 10 million hectares that once existed in the southeastern United States. These losses have led to an emphasis on afforestation of retired agricultural land. Research was needed to evaluate changes in wildlife communities as these afforested stands progress through succession. To assess the avian community at this 25-year-old afforested BHF, I conducted point count surveys at 28 point locations across seven forest types, six times during the 2016–2018 avian breeding seasons. My research objectives were to determine: (1) if avian density and diversity varied among the dominant forest types that have developed in the research site; and (2) how this BHF compared to mature BHFs of the southeastern United States that were at least 50 years old. Results indicated that avian density varied among forest types showing five statistical groupings, with ranges in density from 22.836 to 6.634 birds/ha among forest types. Avian diversity analyses indicated no significant difference among the seven forest types. Results of comparative analyses indicated that the research site was 68% similar in avian species composition to mature BHFs in the southeastern United States, thus not meeting the goal of 75–85% similarity. My management recommendation is to allow this site to continue on its current path of increasing in similarity as it has shown to have done over the past three breeding seasons, with forest management only taking place if non-native tree species begin to establish in open canopy areas.