Bitcoin is a well known virtual currency, or cryptocurrency. It was created by a group of people using the name Satoshi Nakamoto in 2008. Currently, many people are utilizing Bitcoin for personal gains and transactions. To keep transactions secure requires techniques from modern cryptography. In this paper, we explain certain aspects of the cryptography of Bitcoin. We are going to discuss two components of the cryptography of Bitcoin—hash functions and signatures. We will describe what the hash function and signature are, give some examples of hash functions, and discuss certain criteria that good hash functions should satisfy.
Hong, Can, "The Theory of Cryptography in Bitcoin" (2020). Mathematics Senior Capstone Papers. 21.