Date of Award

Fall 11-2020

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Molecular Science and Nanotechnology


Fossil fuel usage has been our primary form of energy used to fabricate and give us many of the products and services that we use today. However, our fossil fuel usage has led to an increase in the release of greenhouse gases. Greenhouse gases affect the global surface temperatures of our planet, which can reduce our ability to produce crops, lead to stronger and more frequent natural disasters, and change the acidity of our oceans. To combat this problem, new energy harvesting techniques and technologies are required to reduce our reliance on fossil fuels.

One solution to reducing our reliance on fossil fuels, is to increase our renewable energy generation profile. There are many renewable technologies available for energy generation. This dissertation will focus on solar energy as a renewable energy generation technology. Specifically, the work will focus on methylammonium lead triiodide as a material utilized as the active material in a solar structure. Additionally, this dissertation will focus on utilizing a technique, fused deposition modeling, that has yet to be investigated as a solar cell manufacturing technique.

In addition to investigating fused deposition modeling as a solar cell manufacturing method. The material properties of various fused deposition modeling (FDM) filaments were explored and characterized. The aim of this body of work was to fabricate a solar cell with an active layer printed with FDM technology and to integrate thermal management system to the solar cell (i.e. heat sink/heat sink).