Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Micro and Nanoscale Systems
This dissertation is focused on design, fabrication, characterization, and modeling of a unique dual purpose vibration isolation energy harvesting system. The purpose of the system is to, simultaneously, attenuate unwanted vibrations and scavenge kinetic energy available in these vibrations. This study includes theoretical modeling and experimental work to fully characterize and understand the dynamic behavior of the fabricated dual purpose system. In the theoretical study, both numerical (Runge-Kutta) and analytical (Harmonic Balance Method, HBM) methods are used to obtain the dynamic behavior of the system. The system features a combination of mechanical and electromagnetic components to facilitate its dual functionality. The system consists of a magnetic spring, mechanical flat spring, and dampers. The combination of negative stiffness of the magnetic spring with positive stiffness of the mechanical spring results in lowering the cut off frequency of the system. Lowering the cut off frequency improves the device’s ability to operate in a wider range of frequencies. Results from dynamic measurements and model simulation confirm the ability of the device to function in both vibration isolation and energy harvesting modes simultaneously. The dual-purpose device is able to attenuate vibrations higher than 12.5 [Hz]. The device also produces 26.8 [mW] output power at 1g [m/s2] and 9.75 [Hz]. Performance metrics of the device including displacement transmissibility and energy conversion efficiency are formulated. Results show that for low acceleration levels, lower damping values are desirable and yield higher energy conversion efficiencies and improved vibration isolation. At higher acceleration, there is a trade-off where lower damping values worsen vibration isolation but yield higher conversion efficiencies.
Mofidian, S. M. Mahdi, "" (2019). Dissertation. 820.