Date of Award

Spring 2012

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Computational Analysis and Modeling

First Advisor

Chokchai Leangsuksun


As High Performance Computing (HPC) systems increase in size to fulfill computational power demand, the chance of failure occurrences dramatically increases, resulting in potentially large amounts of lost computing time. Fault Tolerance (FT) mechanisms aim to mitigate the impact of failure occurrences to the running applications. However, the overhead of FT mechanisms increases proportionally to the HPC systems' size. Therefore, challenges arise in handling the expensive overhead of FT mechanisms while minimizing the large amount of lost computing time due to failure occurrences.

In this dissertation, a near-optimal scheduling model is built to determine when to invoke a hybrid checkpoint mechanism, by means of stochastic processes and calculus of variations. The obtained schedule minimizes the waste time caused by checkpoint mechanism and failure occurrences. Generally, the checkpoint/restart mechanisms periodically save application states and load the saved state, upon failure occurrences. Furthermore, to handle various FT mechanisms, an adaptive decision-making model has been developed to determine the best FT strategy to invoke at each decision point. The best mechanism at each decision point is selected among considered FT mechanisms to globally minimize the total waste time for an application execution by means of a dynamic programming approach. In addition, the model is adaptive to deal with changes in failure rate over time.