Date of Award

Spring 2013

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Business Administration (DBA)



First Advisor

Bryan Fuller


In this dissertation, I developed two measures of the value congruence constructs: value congruence with organization and value congruence with supervisor. I also hypothesized that value congruence with one's supervisor and one's organization will be a function of the extent to which the subordinate and supervisor share similarity in proactive personality and that the two value congruence constructs would mediate the relationship between proactive personality and proactive behavior. I further hypothesized that the relationships between value congruence and proactive behavior would be the function of the extent to which employees perceived support from their supervisor and their organization. Finally, I hypothesized that the relationship between proactive behavior and performance would be moderated by supervisor perceptions of subordinate value congruence. All the hypotheses were fully or partially supported. By investigating the role of value congruence and by emphasizing the role supervisors' play in fostering and rewarding proactive behavior, our study contributes to both the proactivity literature and the broader person-environment fit literature.